From Elite Wiki

There are 10 species in Classic Elite & Oolite's Vanilla game. But in Frontier (FE2) & Frontier: First Encounters (FFE) there are only humans and Thargoids .

Captain Hesperus

In Oolite & Elite the species are

  • Human Colonials
  • Humanoids
  • Avian/Birds
  • Batrachians/Frogs
  • Felines/Cats
  • Insectoid/Insects
  • Lizards/Reptiles
  • Lobstoid/Lobsters
  • Rodents/Rats
  • Thargoids


By Redspear: There may be just a few key assumptions that, if removed, already present plausible explanations for the inhabitants as represented in game.
Crucially, I don't think the first one has been discussed beyond a cursory level.

1 - Taxonomic

Is a red lobster the same species as a green lobster?
Are they even lobsters?
Are classifications concerned with evolution/genetic similarity or could they instead be based on more practical considerations for the average spacefarer?

Just as a young child might consider a dolphin a fish or a spider an insect, taxonomy isn't always as obvious as we might think. In the far future of space-traders travelling from system to system (potentially without ever landing on a planet) what use is the knowledge of the inhabitants?

In addition, it is not unheard of for species to be reclassified as human understanding of evolutionary pathways develops. So reclassifying groups is nothing new.

You said I would be trading with mammals, damn it!

You were.

They had fins!

Yes, mammals with fins.

Mammals don't have fins and live in the %@$#ING OCEAN!
Fish, fish have fins!
If I'd known I'd have been trading with fish then I wouldn't have brought them 35 tons of %@$#ING BANANAS!.

... Er, mammals can have fins too.

I'm a trader not a scientist! When you tell me mammal it means a monkey. You got that? A %@$#ING MONKEY! ... a monkey or a dog... 

So, if classification were to be more practical from a future spacefaring humanocentric point of view, how might it work?
One possible reading (with practical considerations for species interactions):

Bird = can fly
Feline = solitary carnivore
Frog = can leap
Humanoid = miscellaneous
Insects = group behaviours
Lizards = heat sensitive
Lobster = semi aquatic
Rodent = contagion risk

In which case could a bat then be classed as a 'furry bird'? If so we now have explanations for some very strange (and sometimes seemingly contrary) descriptions of inhabitants.

In game evidence: Slimy Lobsters (newts?), Bony Birds (beetles?), Bony Felines (praying mantids?), Furry Insects (lions?)

Whilst the above examples are deliberately provocative, I think they illustrate how different a classification system could be.

Human colonials are by far the most common group, suggesting a humanocentric classification system
Inhabitants is listed as one of the key factors on the F7 screen, suggesting a level of importance given that the trader need only dock at a station and not land on the planet.

More of Redspear's "special" musings - here on trade

2 - Generative

Need there be a common point of origin for all 'lobsters'?

This relates to taxonomic assumptions.
One reason why there might not: they're classification as lobsters need not be based on a common origin but rather the independent invention/evolution of common traits. For example, aquatic mammals swim in superficially similar manner to fish yet the development of their swimming style was (for the most part) independent. We only have our own planet's evidence for this but then if we're talking about life then that very much describes the boat that we are in.

In game evidence: there are no obvious central points for any 'animal' group in a statistical sense

3 - Interactive

Why might all lobsters group together?
Shouldn't there be areas of conqured space, much like there are for human colonials?

Development / availability of hyperspace technology has already been discussed but what about the idea that suitable planet types might simply be less common? The planet that a 'lobster' species might regard as habitable might be much less common than one that is suitable for a human. As for lobsters on Earth and their being able to colonise similar planets, I refer you to taxonomic assumptions above.

In game evidence: there are no obvious 'clusters' of inhabitant types beyond those that one might expect to occur randomly

The above is only one possible interpretation of the in game situation regarding planetary inhabitants and by no means do I claim it to be 'correct'. Where I think it may be useful however is to illustrate how easily assumptions can 'get in the way' of making sense of fictional environments rather than simply accepting them and having fun with an evocative, identifiable and yet extremely brief description of alien life-forms.

Besides, space lobsters are cool

Redspear (2017)

History: From Cim's In-flight library manual

Species of the Cooperative

Phantorgorth's Species Icons (see links at bottom)
  • The intelligent inhabitants of the Cooperative belong to nine major species, with each system having the species with the largest population listed on the system data screen. Almost all worlds have inhabitants of all species, and only the oldest systems - often predating the Cooperative itself - have a majority species.
  • Seven of the species – Birds, Felines, Frogs, Insects, Lizards, Lobsters, and Rodents – are native to Cooperative space, and their species descriptors usually contain some information about local differences in culture or appearance chosen by the planetary government.
  • The eight and ninth groups are not native to Cooperative space, arriving before the invention of the Galactic Witchdrive through a now-lost witchspace route. Cut off from their distant home world, most of them have chosen to adopt a single species descriptor of Human Colonials. They make up approximately one sixth of the total population of the Cooperative, and are the largest single species in around half of the systems. A smaller fraction, though still comparable in population to the other species, have named themselves Humanoids. This group contains both those who have modified their genetics or used cyborg enhancements to the point they no longer consider themselves Colonials, and a minority who believe that the break from the home world was a blessing and wish to detach themselves from that history.
  • All nine species are culturally extremely varied, and while the differences in pre-spaceflight history, anatomy, preferred environment and psychology are significant, it is often the case that members of different species from the same planet are more culturally similar to each other than they are to other members of their own species from other systems.
  • NOTE: Species names were one of the most difficult elements to translate when agreeing on common languages for Cooperative business, as most of them effectively translate to the same concept in a species' native language. For convenience, therefore, each species has its own name for each of the others, often derived from a native creature on their homeworld bearing some superficial anatomical resemblance. This manual matches the localisation settings on your system database: currently the Human Colonial dialect.

See History for Cim's history of the species - the first alliance between the birds and the frogs (the only species living in the same chart), the discovery of hyperspace travel and the arrival of humans in Chart 2. The great war between the felines and the insects (bombardment of the feline colony in Ataneris and the blockade of the battlers by the birds and the frogs). The foundation of the first Interspecies Assembly and their eventual acceptance of Humanoids who broke away from the Colonial government. The foundation of Galcop. Et cetera.


  • Very little is known about the Thargoids, who entered Cooperative space approximately two hundred kilodays ago – the exact date is uncertain, as the majority of first contacts are believed not to have been survived by the Cooperative ships. They fly large and powerful ships, octagonal in design, with a range of technology beyond Cooperative capabilities. Their engines use an unknown technology with no detectable drive emissions and considerably higher thrust than Cooperative ships. They use a highly accurate omnidirectional laser turret for defence, and deploy a number of autonomous drone fighters for offence. Both technologies are beyond our current capabilities. Most importantly, they appear to have a much stronger theoretical grasp of witchspace than Cooperative scientists, including the ability to intercept other ships while in transit.
  • Unfortunately, they are also universally hostile. There are no recorded encounters with Thargoid ships in which the Thargoids did not immediately attack the Cooperative ships, showing no mercy, ignoring all attempts at communication, and continuing fighting until destroyed. The recent decision to make military lasers and shields available to the general public has made them less of a threat than they were when first encountered, and joint navies operating under the Cooperative treaty have won significant defensive victories, but they are still a major danger to trade and travel.
  • Their habit of fighting to the death makes it difficult to recover much from their ships, and so much of their technology, appearance, origins and motivations remain unknown. Organic debris recovered strongly suggests that they have an exoskeletal anatomy, with eight limbs, but further details are speculative. They do not appear to be related to any Cooperative species.
  • Usable debris from their ships, especially captured drone fighters, is widely sought after for research purposes, and can be easily sold on the standard station markets under the Alien Items heading.

History: From Selezen's Origin of the Species essay

a famous Riedquatian chef

In the early years of the 22nd century, mankind had made great leaps in space exploration and technology and had tapped into the hyperspace realm. In those days it was all very very carefully controlled and misjumps were common, with ships disappearing on a regular basis

Ruthless corporations and varying government types fought for control of space. One such corporation was TAC Biogen, a corporation that specialised in adapting Earth lifeforms for survival on other planets. They developed hybrid lifeforms by gene splicing different genetic information from a variety of Earth's creatures.

You can probably see what's coming now...

TAC Biogen had a large fleet of seeder ships that were intended to be used to seed plant and insect life onto various explored worlds in order to make them viable for either colonisation or harvesting. TAC, however, went one step further and planned to introduce their own cloned lifeforms to worlds that already had suitable atmospheres. They designed and built a new fleet of Deep Space Cruisers that were ostensibly hyped as seeder and exploration ships with a mission to analyse planets and introduce the appropriate small life forms.

The fleet launched in the mid 22nd century (2160s or thereabouts) with a cargo of hybrid lifeforms ready for introduction. What hadn't been made public was that half of the ships' cargo was hybrid sentient life. Felinoid, insectoid, amphibian and avian, all cross developed with humanoid DNA and creating a wide variety of phenotypes ready to introduce as civilisations. The cloning and growing process included direct learning via neural links. In theory, the cloned lifeforms could be introduced to a planet with suitable atmosphere and equipment and build a sentient civilisation with what they had to hand.

The ships spread throughout local space (Galaxy 1) rapidly, usually via deliberate misjump, introducing these life-forms everywhere. There was no pattern to it, merely the random chance that misjumping introduced.

In time these colonies thrived. They developed their own technology and were soon spacefaring races in their own right, accelerated by the knowledge they had been given by their unknown benefactors. None of these races knew their true origin.

In time, humanity's main colonisation and exploration efforts reached out to the group of worlds that would come to be known as the Old Worlds. One of these worlds, Diso, was home to a felinoid race that claimed to have been there for millennia. The planet Lave was colonised first, and the colony governors there made a solid alliance with the Disans, learning about the area of space they inhabited and their history.

In the late 2480s the Federation demanded that Diso be given over to them as a human colony and the Disans be relocated to another felinoid world. Diso's rich mineral and agricultural value was to blame, but the Disans resisted the action, reluctant to leave their homeworld. The humans on Lave agreed and refused to back such an action. In 2491 The Federation retaliated in force, sending a fleet to capture Diso. The Lave colony and other human colonies in the Old Worlds region stood with the Disans and fought off the invading Federal forces. The battle was short and violent and many were lost on both sides. Eventually the colonists prevailed and the Federation retreated. The worlds in that region declared their independence from the Federation and declared that they would stand against any such attempt to annex worlds of the non-humanoid races by any government. They stood for independence and fair treatment to all. They formed the Far Colonies Alliance and sent envoys to every non-human world to ask them to join in a mutual defence pact. This was highly successful and many worlds joined, including a high number of human colonies who agreed with the stand the FCA was taking against the increasingly xenophobic Federation.

The Far Colonies Alliance grew, becoming one of the largest and fastest growing governments in known space. Members signed up from regions far from the Old Worlds area, including other Galaxies (as they were thought to be back then), and the name Far Colonies Alliance seemed to be outdated. A new, more galaxy-spanning name seemed apt.

The Galactic Co-operative of Worlds was born...

Note on Non-humanoid races

(This zoological section has been nabbed from Selezen's website)
Recent research has reportedly found evidence that all non-humanoid life forms in the galaxy are a result of genetic manipulation of life-forms found on Earth and are further evidence of a no-holds-barred expansionist policy by Earth's Galactic Federation. This evidence points to a project to create sentient life-forms that could colonise and hold planets "in trust" for humanity to then reclaim back at a later date. This correlates with reports from the days of the Far Colonies organisation that recount urgent missions to take hold of several colonies in that area without regard to prior claim made by the non-humanoid races.


Amphibian races are based on reptilian DNA, and are cold-blooded, often water-dwelling creatures. Their societies are non-existent, and they form alliances with each other on a seemingly random basis only to dissolve those alliances without forethought when the usefulness has ended.

Of all races, amphibians are the most aloof and this has given them a mystique among the rest of the galactic community. They rarely disembark from their ships when docked and rarely engage in more than cursory dialogue with other races. They will, however, readily ally with members of other races in order to achieve a goal.


Avis Sapiens are genetically related (and possibly derived from) the Terran bird. Many variations of this type exist, ranging from diminutive and slight creatures to tall, muscular and strong types. Many are innate predators and have a militaristic bearing. Society is divided into clans based on their physical and sociological type.

Cultural identify is strong and consistent between clans but different clans often have very different values and identities. Most avian worlds with more than two clans in residence will often be mired in civil war for years at a time.


Felis sapiens are offshoots of Earth cats and bear many physical similarities to various felines as found on Earth or other human colonies. There are various external differences between breeds, from fur length to facial and skeletal structure. All felinoids are carnivorous and have, on occasion, been known to consume members of other sentient races for a variety of reasons. Felinoids have very keen senses of smell and a strict honour code. Felinoid society tends to be very structured and their culture changes only slowly.


The most commonly encountered race in the galaxy, primarily due to a comprehensive expansion policy in the early years of the Galactic Federation's spacefaring history. All humanoid colonies show genetic evidence of originating from Earth, although the question of how the colonies could become as large as they are from relatively low original colony populations remained a mystery until recently.

Humanoids are omnivorous creatures with diverse personalities and a capacity for either great violence or great pacifism as well as several other traits. Of all the societies, theirs is most diverse and most liable to change. Compared to other races, humanity's cultural stability is very low, and their political and social graces tend to change within a few generations from world to world.


See also: Thargoids & Oresrians

Insectoid races are similar in appearance to a variety of known Earth insects varying from ant-like to spider-like in form. Thus far the only non-earth derived lifeforms found in the galaxy have been the Thargoids and the Oresrians, who are commonly believed to be related in some way due to their striking similarities to each other.

Insectoids normally possess exeskeltons and multi-sectioned bodies. They usually have compound eyes (often more than two) and the majority of them have functional antennae. Their structure is sufficiently different to that of all other lifeforms that they cannot natively communicate in any other language type than their own. All communication between insectoid and other races is done through interpreter implants or via individuals who can translate (since it is possible to learn to understand the spoken language given sufficient exposure).

Insectoids tend to be very insular, even between other insectoid races. Their societies tend to be caste-organised and most, though not all, are monarchic societies based round a queen, although some worlds have evolved a "royal caste" of numerous queens who rule over different parts of the planet.

History: Critique of these histories

Speaking personally, there are loads of different species in my head-canon. For example, the Blue Bug-Eyed Lizards of Atbevete are completely unrelated to the Black Slimy Lizards of Engema. They might be both more-or-less reptilian, sure, but they're not the same species, and have their own long, rich evolutionary and cultural histories.

I don't really see the need for a timeline or a backstory. The way things are is just the way things are; I don't need to know where Earth is, or how human beings got from there (if they did) to where they are now. For me, a large part of the appeal of the game is its vagueness. It's as close to a blank slate as we can get, and it's built to be modded all over the shop to everyone's individual preferences. Too much backstory just gets in the way.


Analysis of Galaxy One (Santaari)

Mr Gimlet, Lave Dockmaster

Of the 256 systems in Galaxy One we find that

  • Human Colonials are dominant in 144 systems
  • Humanoids are dominant in 11 systems
  • Avian/Birds are dominant in 7 systems
  • Batrachians/Frogs are dominant in 19 systems
  • Felines/Cats are dominant in 13 systems
  • Insectoid/Insects are dominant in 17 systems
  • Lizards/Reptiles are dominant in 14 systems
  • Lobstoid/Lobsters are dominant in 9 systems
  • Rodents/Rats are dominant in 21 systems (total 255 - I can almost count!)

Other species

The planet Ascension peopled by genetically modified super-humans with TL16!
Alien ruins on Sector1/Teanrebi (Rumour has it that some old settlements found here are of an ancient, unknown alien origin)
Sector2/Usoron (The famous Circle of Wisdom is an enormous temple complex believed to have been built by an advanced race that is long gone)


  • Orb (2006) - see the superb write-up!
  • Amber Moon Chronicles is an incomplete OXP by Stormrider featuring "antient archaeological sites to explore" (2015)

Specisim YAH C 19.png


Bugs, glorious Bugs


Multiple Species


  • Secretarybird from Avianautics is an Avian designed ship (by Tsoj, 2020).


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  • Oresrians - often confused with Thargoids
  • Animated Ships (Butterflies) adds wing-flapping butterflies in various colours
  • Wasps OXP adds formation flying wasps, queen wasps, and wasp nests




  • Aquatics OXP the Aquarian Shipbuilding Corporation, their dozen ships and their headquarters at Aqualina in Galaxy 3. Species unspecified.
  • Amber Moon Chronicles unfinished oxp with alien archaeological sites to explore.
  • Orb unfinished oxp with a fascinating story behind it...

Not quite an OXP


Derik Roh'i - pic taken outside Lave Academy
Aesbion (Rough Guide): Green Frogs: Honour/Honour duels/original God-Emperor/Cathedral of Winds/Carnival of Fools
Isence (Rough Guide): Red Fat Humanoids: red & fat due to bacterial disease/famous gambler Chexsin Cherzin
Isinor (Rough Guide): Harmless Slimy Frogs: sweating of memory/short lifespan/fascination with the future/gambling: Four-Way Pellery
Reorte (Rough Guide): Black Fat Felines: discover a god>form a cult>build a ziggurat & idol/Theogony (Eche states)/Changing of the Gods ceremony
Riedquat (Rough Guide): Harmless Rodents: damaan (the conceptual force projected by one into the cosmos): do not bribe them! Impact on bargaining.
Tianve (Rough Guide): Blue Bony Felines: pulsar cats & worship of Pulsar God Tiaxes
Tionisla (Rough Guide): Lizards: masks with mechanical emotions/seemingly introspective/emotional theatre/endless staircases
Xexedi (Rough Guide): Large Green Frogs: cosmopolitan/gastronomes/must dress for dinner/ultra-fashionable/cutting-edge technology/dreadful pollution

Note how Isinor's frogs differ utterly from Xexedi's.

  • See also the following profiles:
Birds: Daddyhoggy
Felines: Break, Captain Hesperus, RyanHoots/Commander Ryan Hoots
Frogs: Xiibli Nbilibli, Reval, Dockmaster Gimlet of Lave (search on your harddrive for AdviceForNewCommanders which was downloaded with your Oolite game files)
Lobsters: see Zorg son of Zorg son of Zorg in Zorg Racing
Reptiles: Derik Roh'i, Wrogers of Riarribi, Ky'fyn Oodulldoff
Rodents: Mauiby de Fug of Riedquat
Something else: Disembodied, Fatleaf

Phantorgorth's musings on species vis-a-vis galaxies
Note the similarities and differences with (i) Cim's purist approach to "Special" History (above) and (ii) Cody's theory on one-way galactic travel in The Eight